Reflection is an on-going part of the teaching and learning experience process. It can be formal or informal. It can occur during real-time interactions or as part of a collaborative process. The technololgy tools below are effective means for capturing and documenting written assessments and evaluations.
Blogging can be used
for many purposes. One effective use of blogging in the classroom is to have students record a reflective blog.
- Reflective blogs encourage "meta-thinking" and empower students to evaluate their own learning process.
- Each student has his or her own blog.
- Blogs can be private (between instructor and student), or shared (with other students or community).
Giving students real-world, authentic assignments or projects is a proven strategy for actively engaging students in the learning process. These types of activities are often evaluated using a rubric.
- Rubrics can be powerful tools for:
- Clearly explaining to students the expectations for their work.
- Helping a student self-assess his or her own efforts.
- Rubrics are simple, but can be difficult to create.
- RubiStar is one of the most popular and easiest to use tools for creating rubrics.
- Online surveys can be used for a variety of purposes:
- Pre-assessemnt of student skills.
- Informal feedback on teaching performance.
- Research tool to gather data.
- Many Learning Management Systems (LMS) include surveys as an option.
- There are several online tools available:
- Free when they are used with a small number of participants.
- Support a wide range of question types.
Online quizzes and tests can be beneficial to both instructors and students.
- Automatic grading and feedback can reduce the time spent on these tasks by instructors.
- Small-stakes quizzes can be set up that allow a student to assess his or her current level of knowledge, and feedback can direct them to appropriate learning resources.
- They are standard feature in Learning Management System (LMS). In some cases, they also:
- May draw on test bank.
- Present random questions and possible answers in random order.
- Can be used to customize personalized learning for students.
- There are also other online tools available.
There are also other tools that can be used to create tests.
- Tools such as Respondus make it easy to create online tests from existing word processing files.
- Publishers often include tests in course packs that can be imported into an LMS.
Plagiarism is a major issue on many campuses.
- Work is submitted electronically by students and verified against global or institutional databases.
- The service is using purchased as a campus-wide license and integrated into the LMS. Examples include SafeAssign and TurnItIn.
- TurnItIn does offer an independent service for students, WriteCheck.
For accreditation and certification, many academic fields require proof of student performance in the form of a portfolio. ePortfolios provide these benefits:
- Easily accessible by students, instructors, and third-party reviewers.
- Support students throughout degree program.
- In many cases, can be used by student after graduation to showcase potential to prospective employers.
- Options for purchasing vary widely from vendor to vendor.
Online Course Evaluations
Online Course Evaluations are specialized survey applications designed for mid-term or end-of-term course evaluations.
- Allow for easy set up based on current student enrollment.
- Customized reporting by instructor, department and school.
- Can be used to support a faculty member's request for tenure.